A garden centre or home improvement store’s fertiliser aisle offers many types of fertilisers. Bags, bottles, powders, pellets, granules, sprays, and concentrates are all available. There are also more and more organic and environmentally friendly fertilisers on the market today. By understanding your options, you can select the right food for your Nawóz do kwiatów plants.
Fertiliser with all the nutrients
The three major elements plants require to thrive can only be supplied to plants by a complete fertiliser for most flower gardeners:
- Growth of lush foliage stimulated by nitrogen (N)
- Fertilises plants with Phosphorus (P)
- Healthy root systems are developed with potassium (K)
It is common to find these three major nutrients listed in exact order (sometimes as “NPK”) on fertiliser packaging, with the numbers representing the proportion of each nutrient in comparison to other minor nutrients and filler ingredients. Ten percent of each N-P-K nutrient is present in a 10-10-10 fertiliser, for example. Ten-30-20 fertilisers contain three times as much nitrogen as phosphorus. A filler is an inert substance that adds weight or volume, such as limestone, sawdust, clay (in powdered formulas), or water (in liquid fertilisers).
Choose fertilisers containing a higher proportion of phosphorus than nitrogen and potassium to stimulate blooming.Healthy flowers begin with strong roots, and potassium boosts can help.
Fertilisers made from chemicals
A synthetic fertiliser is made by mixing inorganic chemicals to form a compound like ammonium nitrate or magnesium sulfate.1 Advantages of chemical fertilisers include their affordability, easy availability, and ability to absorb nutrients quickly (unless the formula is designed to release nutrients slowly). One disadvantage is that overapplication can cause burning, and there are no soil-improving qualities.
In addition to pellets, liquid concentrates, and powders, chemical fertiliser also comes in a range of formulations. Gardeners can apply some products with pre-measured packets to their containers, houseplants, and landscapes simply by adding them to their watering can.
Fertiliser for foliage
Plants absorb liquid nutrients from fertilisers through their leaves2. However, some leaves act as a barrier to nutrient uptake because of waxes and hairs. By using foliar fertilisers, you may be able to address some nutrient deficiencies quickly for flowering plants. Use foliar fertilisers in the flower garden to correct potassium deficiencies as potassium is readily absorbed in foliar feeding applications.
You might have an iron deficiency if you notice chlorosis, a yellowing of the leaves. might have an iron deficiency if you notice chlorosis, a yellowing of the leaves. may have an iron deficiency if you notice chlorosis, yellowing of the leaves. Foliar fertilisers usually provide results within a few days.
Fertilisers that are organic
A wide range of organic fertilisers are made up of living and non-living materials, including animal manure, fish emulsion, leaf mould, rock phosphate, and greensand. Fertilisers derived from organic matter not only provide essential nutrients to flowers, but they also improve soil tilth. Organic fertilisers have the following advantages:
- Burning plants is not a good idea
- Boost the immunity of plants
- Animals and beneficial insects are not affected
- Long-term soil activity Compared to synthetic fertilisers, organic fertilisers tend to be more expensive, taste good to some pets, and can be more difficult to formulate.
Organic fertilisers are more expensive, taste appealing to some pets, and have fewer formulations. In terms of eliminating severe nutrient deficiencies, organic fertilisers are not a fast fix.
Fertilisers for Simple Gardens
If you notice that your soil lacks one of the major nutrients, you can consider purchasing a simple fertiliser that contains only nitrogen, phosphorus, or potassium. Organic or chemical fertilisers are both available. For example, urea or ammonium sulphate are examples of simple nitrogen fertilisers. Typical phosphorus fertilisers contain superphosphate or ground mineral phosphate as their primary ingredients. There may be a muriate of potash reference on the container of potassium fertiliser.
Fertilisers that release slowly
Organic fertilisers are all slow-release because organic matter requires time to decompose when it is exposed to soil microorganisms.3 Insoluble mineral fertilisers, such as rock potash, are the slowest-acting organic fertilisers.
When fertilising plants infrequently, gardeners can use slow-release fertilisers, which are encapsulated or coated to gradually release fertiliser over time. For outdoor containers and houseplants, these types of fertilisers are particularly popular.